Investigations and Cases

The Immunization Division monitors the incidence and prevalence of vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs). This table summarizes investigations and cases reported over the last 12 months, and CDC recommended tests and specimens. Underlined diseases link to the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) case definitions to determine case classification (i.e., confirmed, probable, suspect, or not a case).

To submit a VPD specimen a Requisition Form For BCL Laboratory Testing must be completed, and you may need to complete the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene Lab Form or CDC Specimen Submission Form (2 MB).

VPD Notifiable Diseases

ADPH Investigations

ADPH Cases

CDC Recommended Test Methods*

CDC Recommended Specimen Type*

Diphtheria

0

0

Culture and identification1

Throat or nasopharynx swab or cutaneous lesion

Haemophilus influenzae

105

104

Culture and identification1

Blood, CSF, or from any sterile site listed below

Meningococcal Disease

16

7

Culture2

Blood, CSF, or from any sterile site listed below

Measles (Rubeola)

42

1

Culture, Serology1, or PCR

Blood or serum

Mumps

64

19

Culture, Serology1, or PCR

Blood, Buccal Swab, Nasopharyngeal, or Throat Swab

Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

296

214

Culture1, or PCR1

Nasopharyngeal aspirate or wash, or throat swab

Polio (Poliomyelitis, paralytic & Poliovirus Infection, non-paralytic)

0

0

Clinical diagnosis (Poliomyelitis), Culture (Poliovirus infection)

Stool, CSF, or oropharyngeal secretions

Rubella (German Measles, Three-Day Measles)

8

1

Culture, Serology1, or PCR

Blood or serum

Smallpox

0

0

CDC Only

Vesicular or pustular fluid

Streptococcus pneumoniae

490

468

Culture2

Blood, CSF,or from any sterile site listed below

Tetanus

0

0

Clinical diagnosis

N/A

Hepatitis A, Acute

122

22

Serology1

Blood

Hepatitis B, Acute

115

71

Serology1

Blood

Hepatitis B, Perinatal 

*Unavailable

*Unavailable

Serology1

Blood

Varicella (Chickenpox)

679

92

Culture, DFA, Serology, or PCR1

Lesion

Total 04/01/2017 - 04/01/2018

1937

999

 

Key 

* To confirm cases based on CDC case definitions

1 Test offered by Bureau of Clinical Laboratories (BCL)

2 Pure culture confirmation only by BCL

3 Normally sterile body site (e.g., Blood, Bone, CSF, internal body site (specimen obtained from surgery or aspirate from one of the following: lymph node, brain, heart, liver, spleen, vitreous fluid, kidney, pancreas, ovary, or, vascular tissue), pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, synovial/joint fluid.)

Culture - Isolation

CSF - Cerebrospinal fluid

DFA - Direct florescence assay

PCR - Polymerase chain reaction 

 

Outbreak Totals

- 3 outbreaks has been reported since 01/2018.
·  1 reported from a community (pertussis)

·  1 reported from a day care (varicella)

·  1 reported from a community (mumps)

Pertussis Testing Video: Collecting a Nasopharyngeal Swab Clinical Specimen

Pertussis Testing Video: Collecting a Nasopharyngeal Aspirate Clinical Specimen





Page last updated: April 4, 2018